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Subject-verb agreement is a crucial component of the English language that students in class 10 need to master. It refers to the agreement between the subject of a sentence and the verb that goes with it. The subject is the person, thing, or idea that is doing the action, while the verb is the action itself. Correct subject-verb agreement ensures that a sentence is grammatically correct and easy to understand.

Here are some tips that class 10 students can use to improve their subject-verb agreement skills:

1. Understand the Number of the Subject:

One of the most basic rules of subject-verb agreement is that the number of the subject must match the number of the verb. In other words, if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural too. For example:

– The cat chases the mouse. (singular subject, singular verb)

– The cats chase the mice. (plural subject, plural verb)

2. Watch Out for Tricky Subjects:

Some subjects can be tricky because they can be either singular or plural, depending on the context. For example, the word “data” is technically plural, but it is often used as a singular noun in everyday language. In such cases, it is essential to pay attention to the context to determine whether the subject is singular or plural. For example:

– The data is accurate. (singular subject, singular verb)

– The data are accurate. (plural subject, plural verb)

3. Know the Verb Tenses:

Another important aspect of subject-verb agreement is the verb tense. The tense of the verb must match the tense of the subject. For instance, if the subject is in the present tense, the verb should also be in the present tense. In the same way, if the subject is in the past tense, the verb should be in the past tense too. For example:

– She walks to school every day. (present tense subject, present tense verb)

– She walked to school yesterday. (past tense subject, past tense verb)

4. Look Out for Collective Nouns:

Collective nouns refer to a group of people or things, such as team, committee, class, etc. These nouns can be either singular or plural, depending on how they are used in a sentence. If the collective noun refers to the group as a whole, it is treated as a singular noun, and the verb should be singular. If the collective noun refers to the individuals in the group, it is treated as a plural noun, and the verb should be plural. For example:

– The team is playing tonight. (singular collective noun, singular verb)

– The team are arguing about the strategy. (plural collective noun, plural verb)

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a crucial component of good writing and communication. By following these tips, class 10 students can ensure that their sentences are grammatically correct and easy to understand.